Ear Discharge and Blockage
Ear discharge and blocked ears can occur due to several causes. Commonly it can occur with impacted earwax or ear infections. These include external ear infections or middle ear infections.
Sinus or nasal problems
Nasal allergies or allergic rhinitis is very common. It often presents with blocked nose or nasal congestion, runny nose, itchy nose, sneezing or coughing. It is often associated with asthma, eczema or itchy eyes. Nasal blockage frequently causes mouth breathing and in children can affect facial growth. Sometimes surgery is needed to relieve nasal blockage.
Snoring is a loud or harsh breathing sound that can occur as you sleep. Heavy snoring may be associated with obstructive sleep apnea. Sleep Apnoea is a condition where the person is unable to breathe well when he or she sleeps. This results in choking episodes and the lack of oxygen reaching the brain during sleep.
Tonsils and adenoids
Tonsils and adenoids are lymphoid tissue at the back of the throat and nose. After the age of 2-3, they have no useful function. Studies have shown that children who have tonsils/adenoids removed suffer no loss in their immunity to diseases. Enlarged tonsils can frequently get infected or obstruct the airway.
Patients with voice disorders present with hoarseness. This can be caused by a wide range of conditions, including infections, nodules and even cancer. Hoarseness that does not resolve after 2 weeks should be evaluated.